Understanding Specific Requirements of Appraisal for FHA Loans in Wisconsin
The all-time low mortgage rates combined with affordable home prices have generated a huge growth in business for FHA mortgages. People considering their first home need to understand the specific appraisal requirements for FHA loans in Wisconsin.
Basics of FHA Appraisal
In a nutshell, an FHA appraisal is a conventional appraisal with additional requirements. The goal is to identify any potential repairs that would need to be completed within the next 24 months and have those items addressed before the loan is closed.
It is important to note that an appraiser does not review a home to the depth of a home inspector. A home inspection is still a good idea for a home, especially if it is 5+ years old.
FHA Appraisal Caveats
Only appraisers listed on the FHA approved roster are allowed to inspect homes and complete the evaluation. Before an appraiser is assigned to review a home a FHA case number will be assigned to the loan. The appraisal is valid for the next 90 days. The lender or borrower may change during that time period without the need for a new appraisal.
Any home that has undergone a conventional appraisal within the last 90 days will still need a FHA case number. In addition, the home must be re-inspected to verify FHA specific items. Here is a list of the items:
- Confirm no existence of drainage or water damage
- Ensure water pressure is adequate for the home without any leaks
- Any exterior and interior lead-based paint must be inspected to identify peeling, chipping or cracking
- Identify exterior access for each bedroom
- Insure the minimum 18” egress and ingress from the lot line to the building
- Test the heater to ensure proper working condition as well as air conditioner
- Ensure electrical outlets are in every room and in working order
- Test the fan/hood over the oven for proper working condition
- Ensure screens are present on roof vents and no more than three layers of roof material
- Determine that the electric box has at least 60 amp
- Properly note existing wiring that is exposed as well as cover plates missing from electrical boxes
- Do a brief inspection of crawl space and attic
Any issue found on the interior portion of the home needs to be either repaired or replaced. On the exterior part of the home any issue needs to be repaired or removed.
Specific Areas of Importance
Of the items mentioned above three seem to get the most attention; water problems or drainage issues, lead-based paint and the ingress/egress points. Concerning the ingress/egress points, common problems occur with homes that have a garage touching the lot line. This prevents the homeowner from accessing the exterior wall of the garage in order to paint. If this is the case the neighbor may be asked for an easement in order to grant the homeowner access.
Consultant Required for 203(k) mortgage
Buyers that are approved for a FHA 203(k) mortgage need to understand that the appraiser will be working with a consultant. The consultant must be approved by FHA. This individual will inspect the home and determine the necessary repairs and improvements and formulate an estimated cost. The appraiser will inspect the home and ensure that the consultant has properly identified all necessary repairs in order to conform to the FHA guidelines.This communication is provided to you for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon by you. Rock Realty is not a mortgage lender and so you should contact a lender directly to learn more about its mortgage products and your eligibility for such products.